Friday, May 28, 2010

PAPER Personality and Marital Surplus

Personality and Marital Surplus (DOES NOT check any type of personality similarity between spouses and DOES NOT distinguish between legal marriage and cohabitation—both are
termed "marriage")
"The main independent variables are the Big Five personality traits—openness to experience, agreeableness, extraversion, neuroticism, and conscientiousness.
If we compare the original West German sample with the East German sample added in 1990, the means of most personality traits are not significantly different, though these populations have been subject to very different social and economic environments since childhood. "

See results on page 20, tables 4a Full Sample, 4b Old Cohorts, 4c Young Cohorts for a probit model of marriage.

Evidence from the German Socio-economic Panel Study shows that several dimensions of personality are strongly associated with the propensity of men and women to marry and to divorce.
For younger cohorts, born between 1960 and 1970, two personality traits (LOW openness to experience and HIGH conscientiousness) have essentially identical effects on the probability of marriage by age 35.

Data and Measures
The study uses data from the German Socio-economic Panel Study (SOEP), a representative longitudinal survey of households and individuals in Germany. The initial wave of the survey was conducted in 1984, and consisted of 12,000 randomly-selected respondents in West Germany in 1984. In 1990, following re-unification, a sample from East Germany was added, followed by a sample of immigrants in 1994. Several additional samples have been added in subsequent years, and sample weights are used in all analyses.

The sample is derived from the Scientific Use File of SOEP, and consists of 7,106 household heads, spouses, and partners aged 35 to 59 in 2005. Analysis was conducted on the full sample and separately on two birth cohorts—men and women born between 1945 and 1959, and those born between 1960 and 1970. "

compare the above paper with this poster

Personality Correlates of Different Romantic Intentions in Speed-Daters

112 participants (55 male, 57 female; mean age= 21.97 years SD= 3.16) attended an experimental speed-dating session consisting of a series of speed-dates.
Participants indicated the type(s) of romantic interaction they were currently seeking, including casual sex (n= 24), dating (n=92), committed relationship (n=75), or marriage (n=28).
They then completed self-ratings on the Big Five and other personality traits (e.g., athleticism, wealth and intelligence).

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